An eclipse is an astronomical event where Sun and Moon are in the same place in the sky. (conjunct).
A Solar eclipse can be total or partial i.e. viewed from Earth, the total or part of the disc of the sun is blotted out by the moon. It can only occur during New Moon.
A Lunar eclipse follows a Solar eclipse. During a lunar eclipse either a portion or the complete disc of the moon is blotted out by the sun.
Sun and Moon are opposite each other with the earth in the middle, so a lunar eclipse occurs during Full moon phase.
Solar and lunar eclipses occur in pairs, with the lunar eclipse occurring either 14 days before or after the Solar eclipse.
They occur in cycles and can be predicted accurately.
Eclipses have an effect upon the Earth’s electromagnetic field that can be scientifically measured.